Jaipur, the capital of the state of Rajasthan in India was founded in 1727 by Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II, a Kachwaha (Suryavanshi/ claiming descent from the sun) Rajput. Initially his capital was Amber, which lies at a distance of 11 km from Jaipur. He felt the need of shifting his capital city owing to growing population and scarcity of water. Jaipur is the first planned city of India and the King took great interest in designing the city.
Keeping in mind the several battles fought with the Marathas, Jai Singh was keen on making his city safe and secure. This is why the construction of the city was brilliantly planned and executed. The architecture of the city was certainly ahead of its time and was perhaps the best and the most advanced, at that time, in the Indian subcontinent.
In 1878, when Prince of Wales visited Jaipur, the whole city was painted in Pink color to welcome him and after that Jaipur was titled ‘Pink City’. The neat and broadly laid-out avenues, painted in pink provide a magical charm to the city even now. Jaipur is rich in its cultural and architectural beauty, which can be traced in the various historical and aesthetic places that reside in the city. This city of victory really wins the hearts of the people with its splendid charisma.